Guide for Authors

Guide for Authors

Our online submission system, which is free of charge, guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail. The articles download statistics can be found separately for each article under its online page at TAVA website.


Types of Articles

The types of contributions accepted for the review process at TAVA are Full Length Articles, Review Articles, Invited Papers, Case Studies and Discussion of previously published articles in TAVA. Papers whose contribution is not related with either the fundamental theory or applications of the science of vibration and acoustics are not considered for the review process.

The published papers in TAVA should present new results with wider application than the specific situation reported. Otherwise, the article should provide new insights to the community of acoustics and vibration from traditionally separate fields or give a critical review of the progress in a specific area. The submitted papers for publication are subject to a complete review process by two independent referees which remain anonymous and is free of charge. The authors are provided with a copy of the review comments in order to revise and improve their submitted manuscript before publication. Detailed information about the peer review process can be found in the 'Statement of peer review policy' here. There is a normal time limit of three months for submission of a revised manuscript. After this time, the manuscript should be submitted as a new submission and will be subject to the full review process.

Authors are asked to submit a manuscript considering it can be reviewed on its own without any need for earlier or later parts to be published. Submitting multiple papers (eg: Part I, Part II, etc.) are strongly recommended rather than combining the material into one paper. This is the common recommendation of reviewer(s) in such cases. Authors may also choose to submit the work in a sequential manner once the result of the review process from an earlier manuscript is defined. For precisions on such issues, authors may contact the editor who handles the submission.

Discussion: Comments on papers which are previously published at TAVA should be submitted as Discussion papers. These articles do not contain an abstract and are limited to 10 journal pages including the figures. In case the Discussion item is accepted for publication, TAVA policy is that the responses from the authors of the original article are also published. A timescale of 4-6 weeks is considered for this opportunity.

Review Articles: Publication of critical review articles is encouraged by the editors. These articles are normally about 20,000 words (20-40 pages) and provide a focus for the reader on an area related to the science of vibration and acoustics. They can present a broad scope as a tutorial or they may be specialized for researches in a specific field.

An approval of the Editor-in-Chief is required before submitting a review article. Please contact with an outline of the proposed manuscript asking for such approval. A note of this approval should be provided in the cover letter when you submit your manuscript.

Case Studies: Research outcomes that advance the engineering practice across a variety of industries with their subject related to the application of vibration and acoustics should be submitted as Case Studies. Development or application of modern technologies which demonstrate the work within the framework of a more general program to advance the industrial practice will be considered for the review process as a Case Study item.


House Style

Ensure that each new paragraph is clearly indicated. Present tables and figure legends on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. If possible, consult a recent issue of the journal to become familiar with layout and conventions. Number all pages consecutively. The recommended length for a paper is 5000-8000 words, plus illustrations.


Use of word processing software

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.


Article structure

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.



State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.



Results should be clear and concise.



This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.



The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.



If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


Essential title page information 

• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

• Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.



A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length: 200 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.



Highlights of a research paper are a collection of bullet points that present the principal findings and provide a brief textural overview of the work. The points describe the significance of the work (e.g results, conclusion or application) and clarify its distinctive features. Highlights will be displayed in online search results and in the article online. They will not (yet) be included in the PDF file or print.

Author instructions

Highlights should be submitted as a separate file (i.e. Microsoft Word not PDF) at the time of submission through the "Highlights" menu using the drop-down list for uploading files. Please follow the below instructions:


  • Include 3 to 5 highlights.
  • There exists a limit of 85 characters, including spaces, per highlight.
  • Only the principal results of the work should be highlighted.



  • Finite element modeling of shaft lines for a ship structure is considered.
  • The stiffness of the boundary supports are modelled (F.E.) using spring elements.
  • Natural frequencies of the shaft lines are measured through modal testing.
  • F.E. models are updated through eigensensitivity analysis of natural frequencies.
  • Dynamic analysis is performed on updated models and Campbell diagram is obtained.



Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.



Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).



Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.



Electronic artwork

General points

• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork. 

• Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option. 

• Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar. 

• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. 

• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. 

• Provide captions to illustrations separately. 

• Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version. 

• Submit each illustration as a separate file. 


If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. 

Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below): 

EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts. 

TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi. 

TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. 

TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

Please do not: 

• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors; 

• Supply files that are too low in resolution; 

• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. 
Please note: Because of technical complications that can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

Figure captions 

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.



Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.



Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.


Reference links 

Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.


Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


References in a special issue 

Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.


Reference formatting

There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:


Reference style 

Text: All citations in the text should refer to: 

1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; 

2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; 

3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication. 

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. 

Examples: 'as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown ....' 

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. 


Reference to a journal publication: 

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59. 

Reference to a book: 

Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 2000. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, New York. 

Reference to a chapter in an edited book: 

Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.


Submission checklist 

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item. 

Ensure that the following items are present: 

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details: 

• E-mail address 

• Full postal address 

• Phone numbers 

All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain: 

• Keywords 

• All figure captions 

• All tables (including title, description, footnotes) 

Further considerations 

• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked' 

• References are in the correct format for this journal 

• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa 

• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet) 

Printed version of figures (if applicable) in color or black-and-white 

• Indicate clearly whether or not color or black-and-white in print is required. 

• For reproduction in black-and-white, please supply black-and-white versions of the figures for printing purposes.


Publishing ethics

It is advised to check the following items about publishing ethics before submitting your manuscript to the journal for review.


Conflict of interest declaration

Relationships of any kind with organizations or people within four years from the initiation of the work that have, or perceived to have, inappropriate influence on the work could be considered as conflict of interest. These should be declared by all authors throughout submitting the work to the journal.


Submission declaration and similarity verification

By submitting a manuscript, it is declared that the presented work has not been previously published (except as an abstract or as part of a lecture or thesis) or considered for publication elsewhere. The submission implies that publication of the material is approved by all authors and the responsible authorities where the research work has been done. It also implies that if the work is accepted, the material will not be published elsewhere in English or any other language. The similarity of the submitted manuscript with the available online literature may be checked by the plagiarism detection service iThenticate.


Changes of authorship

The list of authors and their order should be carefully considered before submission of the manuscript. Modifications on this list (rearrangement, addition or deletion of authors’ names) should be done before acceptance and needs the approval of journal Editor. The corresponding author can ask for such change providing (i) the reason for this modification and (ii) the approval of all authors (in written format such as e-mail or letter) for the change. In the case where some authors’ names are added or removed, their confirmation about being added or removed is also required. Rearrangement of the authors after acceptance may only occur as exceptional cases. The request will be considered by the Editor and publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the work is already published in an online database, the approved request by the Editor will be corrected.


Funding source

The role of the sponsor(s) in the research work should be briefly described. Their financial support, role in design, in data collection, data processing, preparation of reports and submission of the article for possible publication should be identified.



In order to publish research articles, ISAV acquire publishing rights determined by an agreement between the author and ISAV. The agreement gives ISAV permission to edit, publish (digitally or in print), and distribute an article but allows the author(s) to retain copyright to the work.



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