The effects of muqarnas and mortar joints on the acoustic quality of the jaame mosque of yazd

Document Type : Case Study


1 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and urbanism, Iran university of science and technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty Of Architecture and Urban Planning Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Art and Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran



The architecture of the Jaame mosque, being the most important place for gathering and worship in the Islamic world, is detailed to the finest of building elements. Several activities take place inside the Jaame mosque in separate or connected order. These activities are the performing prayers led by the Imam, the preaching speech and the recitation of some of the
verses of the holy Quran
. Considering that, it is determiningto study the acoustics of Jaame mosques and how architects constructed the space to promote the words of God; hence, this paper analyzes the acoustic qualities of Jaame Mosque of Yazd, as one of the architectural and historical masterpieces in Iran. The decorative brickwork used in conjunction with tiles and the muqarnases, karbandies, and squinches adorning the dome, iwan, and their adjacent spaces, appear to have significant effects on the quality of sound in the building. In this study, we simulated the volume and interior surface of the space and conducted calculations of the reverberation time using EASE. Reverberation time shows a downward trend from low
to high frequencies, and is controlled in low frequencies to produce a preferable acoustic experience.
The median of reverberation time shows 4.32-seconds without muqarnases. This
time reduces to 3.33-seconds with
the proper arrangement of muqarnases, squinches under the
dome and their distance from the sound source, as well as the brickwork decorations and the configuration of the mortar joints to remarkable effect.
The results showed an appropriate distribution of sound throughout the mosque.


  • The volume and interior surface of the space of Jamme mosque of Yazd is modeled.
  • The models of the mosque with and without muqarnas are analyzed in EASE software.
  • The impact of the distance of muqarnas from the local point of the dome is measured.
  • Reverberation time for the middle frequencies are compared in two diagrams.
  • The impact of bricks and detailing is assessed in optimal reverberation time


Main Subjects

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