Numerical and analytical investigation of an ultrasonic assisted ECAP process


School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, 14395515 Tehran, Iran



One of the great challenges in the processing of materials using Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) is the high forming forces required to produce large shear deformation in the material. Researchers show that the friction forces between the die and the sample constitute a great part of the total forming forces. Recently, ultrasonic vibrations are successfully implemented into the ECAP process with the aim of reducing the friction forces. However, there is still need to optimize the parameters of ultrasonic vibrations in the ECAP process using numerical methods. FE simulation of the ultrasonic assisted ECAP process is very time-consuming and during simulation, the constant ram speed has interaction with the vibration speed. A virtual increase in the ram speed for simulation of ultrasonic assisted ECAP process will affect the results. By using Coulomb and Dahl friction models, it is analytically shown how vibration speed and constant ram speed interact with each other during FE simulation. The results clearly suggest against using virtually higher speeds in numerical modelling of the vibrated ECAP process. The conclusion is reached through comparing several simulations, as well as an analytical formulation, with experimental data from literature. The required friction coefficient values to be used in FE simulation at high contact forces are measured experimentally. An alternative strategy is then offered to speed up FE simulation of the vibrated ECAP process without the need for a virtual increase in the ram speed. The proposed strategy can increase the simulation speed of the ultrasonic assisted ECAP process up to ten times


  • The friction reduction mechanism in ultrasonic assisted ECAP process is studied.
  • Interaction of ram speed and vibrations is found dictating the friction reduction.
  • The real ram speed should be used in simulation of such process to avoid errors.
  • A novel strategy is proposed to speed up FE simulation of vibrated ECAP process.


Main Subjects

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